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Sep 21, 2022·0 min read

Moving to Poland

The Republic of Poland is located in central Europe and is the largest state in the region. Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea to the north and the Carpathian Mountains to the south. It also shares borders with Russia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Germany.

Poland might not be the most popular country in Europe, but it is definitely worth visiting. It is not only a country with delicious cuisine and beautiful nature but a welcoming and friendly nation. If you are considering moving to Poland, it is important to know how to move to Poland and what to expect after you arrive.

How to Immigrate to Poland

Moving to Poland to stay there permanently can be done in the following ways:

Family Reunion
Business Owners
Polish Ancestry


Applicants wishing to study at Polish universities or other educational institutions also have the opportunity to move to Poland legally. Confirmation of enrolment in a university is the basis for issuing a temporary residence permit and a polish student visa. After graduation, a foreigner has the right to start looking for a job and get a residence permit on the basis of employment.


Moving to Poland is possible for foreigners who wish to be officially employed in the country. Having an employment contract and a work permit allows you to apply for and receive a Polish residence permit. If the employer changes, the residence permit has to be reissued. Living in the country for 5 years is the basis for applying for a permanent residence permit.

Family Reunion

If a person is legally staying in Poland, his family members can come to him and get a residence permit. Family reunification is one of the most popular reasons for obtaining an EU residence permit. In this case, the inviting party does not have to be a Polish citizen.

When marrying a Polish citizen, a foreign spouse receives a temporary residence and work permit. After two years of stay on Polish territory, such persons have the opportunity to obtain a permanent residence permit.

Business Owners

Applicants who have opened their own business or purchased an existing company in Poland are issued a residence permit.

Polish Ancestry

Foreigners with Polish ancestry can immigrate to Poland under simplified conditions. It is possible to get a Pole's Card for such citizens. This document allows them to obtain a permanent residence permit in Poland, bypassing the stage of residence with a temporary residence permit.

First Steps upon arrival in Poland

Once you have landed, there are quite a few things better to be done during your thirst week. Write down these steps to ensure you do not forget anything.

  1. Apply for a PESEL.

    PESEL (Powszechny Elektroniczny System Ewidencji Ludności) is a Polish national identification number that must be obtained by foreigners moving to Poland for over 2 months. You will get the PESEL number automatically after registering your residence or you can submit an application at the local municipality/township office.

  2. Register your Residence.

    ToIf you are moving to Poland for over 30 days (non-EU nationals) and 3 months ( EU nationals), you must register your residence. The 3rd country citizens will only have 4 days to do so, in comparison to the 30 days for EU citizens.

  3. Open a Bank Account.

    After moving to Poland, open a polish bank account to receive your salary and get a debit/credit card. A foreigner wishing to open a bank account in Poland must present a valid identification document and required documents that differ from one bank to another.

  4. Driving License & Auto Insurance.

    Citizens of EU/EEA countries can drive in Poland using their driving license without an additional permit. Citizens of 3rd countries can drive in Poland if:

    • Hold an international driving permit issued by countries comprised into the 1949 Geneva Convention on Road Traffic ( valid for 6 months)
    • Hold a domestic driving license issued in countries comprised into the 1968 Vienna Convention on Road Traffic ( valid for 6 months

    Otherwise, they must exchange their license for a Polish driving license.

Healthcare in Poland

Similar to some other European countries Poland has a free and universal healthcare system that is used by both Polish and EU citizens. The Polish health care system is called Narodowy Fundusz Zdrowia (NFZ) and is funded by obligatory taxation of 9% deducted from the employee’s net income. Self-employed and business owners are required to make a contribution directly to the NFZ.

A foreigner moving to Poland from a 3rd country must apply for a Polish national identification number ( PESEL) prior to being eligible to apply for state insurance. If the resident in Poland is not insured, he or she will be required to pay medical charges himself.

Citizens of EU and EEA countries, who hold EHIC are eligible for free public healthcare services provided in Polish hospitals. Those who wish to have less waiting time and more coverage get private healthcare insurance.

Earning and Spending in Poland

Income in Poland
Taxation System
Cost of Living

When moving to Poland, it is important to forecast your potential salary and understand what the market offers to avoid being undervalued. As of August 2022, the minimum wage in Poland is 3,010 PLN ( 647 EUR). In 2023 it will be raised to 3,383 PLN (728 PLN) in January, following 3,450 PLN (742 EUR) in July.

The average salary in Poland is estimated to be around 6,400 - 7,200 PLN ( 1372 - 1544 EUR) before tax. In 2021, Poland’s highest-paying jobs were in the medical, law, finance, and dentistry fields.

Any person moving to Poland, regardless of citizenship, who has personal and economic interests in Poland (such as residence and work) and works in Poland for more than 183 days per year automatically becomes a tax resident and must pay taxes in Poland.

From July 2022 the personal tax rate in Poland is:

  • Less than 120,000 PLN - 12% minus tax-reducing amount of 3,600 PLN
  • Income over 120,000 PLN - 32% on the excess over 120,000 PLN

In comparison to western European countries, the cost of living in Poland is relatively low. An individual moving to Poland would spend on average about 590 - 650 EUR to live in Poland without rent. A family of 4 is estimated to spend on average about 1,980 - 2,100 EUR per month without rent. These expenses include transportation, groceries, utilities, clothing, and basic entertainment.

Renting vs. Housing in Poland


A foreigner moving to Poland should be aware of accommodation types offered for rent to navigate through listenings easily. Typically, there are 4 main types of rental categories in Poland:

  • A room (pokoj)
  • A studio (kawalerka/studio)
  • Apartment (mieszkaie)
  • House (dom)

Once you decide what fits your needs, start researching options online or consult with a real estate agent who will provide suitable accommodations to rent in Poland.

The renting contract in Poland is normally signed for 12 months with a one to three months upfront deposit. Prior to signing the contract and making a payment, you must view the accommodation in person, overwise risk to get unpleasantly surprised.

The average cost of rent in Poland for a 1 bedroom apartment is 2,050 - 2,420 PLN ( 440 - 518 EUR). A 3-bedroom apartment would cost 3,100 - 3,820 PLN (670 - 820 EUR). In Warsaw, the capital city, the rent prices go up to 2,534 - 3,430 PLN (544- 736 EUR) for a 1 bedroom and 4,950 - 6,400 PLN ( 1,063 - 1,371 EUR) for a 3 bedroom.


The process of buying a property in Poland as a foreigner is relatively easy. If a non-EU/EEA citizen wants to purchase a house in Poland, he is required to gain the permission of the Minister of the Interior and Administration. The foreigner is not required to obtain the permit when buying an apartment, flat, or garage, and in the following cases:

Here are the some prices on properties:

  1. The foreigner is a spouse to a Polish citizen who has lived in Poland for more than 2 years. The house is bought for common use.
  2. The foreigner has lived in Poland for over 5 years with a valid Polish permanent residence.
  3. Properties located in the border zone and popular tourist destinations.

The average apartment price in Poland ranges from 10,408 - 15,020 PLN ( 2,235 - 3,226 EUR) per square metre. An apartment price in Warsaw costs 12,923 - 19.656 PLN (2,775 - 4,222 EUR). For example, a 36 m2 apartment in the central area of Warsaw costs on average 120,000 PLN. A 4-room average house in Warsaw could cost from 280,000 to 500,000 EUR and up.

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Kannan Sau.
All four movers were excellent, courteous and very professional. These Surrey movers took good care of our furniture, Piano and other things during the move. we were very pleased and will always use them & recommend them for any moving projects.
Professional and hardworking. I’ve used them many times and would highly recommend for storage Toronto services and moving services! They’re the best in Toronto.
Stephanie Rice
Hercules Guelph movers excelled in their customer service even calling me shortly after the crew finished to inquire how the move went. I would recommend this company to anyone wanting a reliable moving company with reasonable rates and amazing service. I'm a very satisfied customer.
Anastasiya Mamayeva
These guys are amazing. They are fast and reliable. They are reasonably priced compared to other big companies. They moved 3br appt on a very short notice with no extra charge. All my furniture arrived in the same condition as before the move. I would definitely recommend them!
The movers showed up on time and ready to work, they were very efficient and professional. Would highly recommend to anyone.
The guys over at Hercules Moving came highly recommended and they did not disappoint! Their meticulous attention to detail in wrapping every piece of furniture did not come at the cost of time, they were still highly efficient and very hard working. Vidas and his partner were very friendly and made the move stress free! Their full service is very impressive.The next time I move I will be choosing Hercules Moving Company and so should you!!
The team was very efficient and professional. I would high recommend them for all of your moving needs! :)
Stephanie Thorbahn Myles
Huge shoutout to the 4 men that moved our family this week. After working a long night before on another move these guys came and never stopped. Everything that was not in boxes they wrapped in furniture pads, plastic wrap and packing tape. They later pads all over our new hardwood floors and put all the furniture back together. Great pricing. Thank you Hercules!
Hercules company is the most reliable, time efficient, neat, and with the best people skills, in my opinion, in the North America. We're about to start a big renovation in our house. We needed to move all the furniture to the storage Toronto. Hercules company provided us with the storage. Which was extremely convenient. Guys from Hercules company wrapped and packed our furniture so carefully as if it was a fragile artifact from the museum. This is our 3rd time using Hercules company. Their impeccable service and their wonderful and polite stuff make this time-consuming, I'm sure for everyone process, so much more easy to deal with. I highly recommend Hercules company to anyone for all your moving needs.
You guys were totally amzing, I had hired two other piano movers prior and both companies had difficulties moving the piano. But your crew had no difficulties. They were very carful, fast clean and so nice to talk too. I did post pictures on Face Book and people wanted your number from me. I will highly recommend you GREAT JOB.Thank You
Good job. Guys were very pleasant and fast. Everything was clear, no hidden fees. They met all my request.
These guys did a great job. Very professional, quick and also careful. They clearly knew what they were doing as I imagine moving a grand piano isn't the same as moving a couch.
Candice Singlair
These Guelph movers were the nicest movers and so efficient. I highly recommend them to anyone. Even my interior designer complimented them. Thanks Hercules.
This is a very heavy old piano. Came out of a house in Oakville and was delivered to my house in Toronto. These guys did a great job, went above and beyond to make sure there was no damage to the piano or either of the houses. I was not looking forward to this day, however hiring these professionals made this a great experience! I live in a townhouse with an awkward entrance and tight hallways and these guys ensured they didn't damage anything!From what I saw today, I will definitely recommend these experts to move anything and everything for anyone.A+++++
Laura Ellen
I am very happy with these movers. They showed up on time with polite, respectful and hard working people and got the job done right. These Guelph movers moved me out, stored my belongings for 3 weeks while I renovated my new place and moved me in today. I would use them again for sure. The ease of full service for both moving and storage was of great value to me.
Have used Hercules Moving for 2 work related circumstances. Extremely professional, cautious and timely. I would have no hesitation to recommend this company to others. They are my go to company from now on.
Gentle Giant
We initially hire Hercules to move our piano, but after our bad experience with our previous mover we hire them for our 2nd move with our entire household content. They were efficient, helpful and most importantly stronger than over mover. They blanketed old furniture and disassembled and reassembled the furniture back in place. They were accommodating and had stair mats and cover on the floor so that we didn't have to do major clean up after the move. We really appreciated their patience in positioning our grand piano into the exact angle we needed in the room. I will recommend them. My elderly mother also hired them and they took care of her move as well. She really appreciated the hassle free experience.
Nancy Powell
Hercules assisted me in moving antique furniture. Igor who arranged the move for me was prompt in returning calls and updating me on timing for pickup and delivery. The drivers both in picking up and delivering were punctual despite bad weather conditions. The employees were very courteous and helpful. All furniture was carefully wrapped and reassembled on delivery. I would not hesitate to recommend Hercules to anyone for a complete move or for speciality moving.
A++++++++. Hercules Moving is the only company I would ever hire for small moves if I had to move again. The crew was amazingly fast, professional, and very careful with our stuff. They wrapped all the furniture with pads and plastic wrap making it very difficult to scratch. Not only to mention the excellent customer service they provided all along. Hercules is simply the best!
I was very worried when I knew I had to move my piano and I did some research online to see how can I get it done and I found Hercules Moving Company and I decided to give them a try. I was astonished how quickly and easy they did that without leaving a single mark on it. I was pleased and surely will call again!!!
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